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The Thracians

Directly influenced by the Scythian use of cannabis, were the red-haired, fair-skinned Thracians.

The Mysians of Thrace, an geographical area located roughly within the countries of Turkey and Greece, were referred to as Kapnobatai or Capnobatae, meaning “those who walk on or in smoke clouds.”

The Thracian shamans of this Greek speaking nomadic tribe were said to use the medicinal plant of cannabis as a entheogen—a chemical substance used in religious or spiritual rituals. In the "magical heat" produced from burning the cannabis and other herbs, it was believed that the plants dissolved in the flames, then reassembled themselves inside the person who inhaled the vapors.

Shown: Golden mask of Thracian King Teres (Died 445 BC).


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